History of Aerobic Gymnastics
From fitness to competitive sport
The International Gymnastic Federation (FIG) - the only recognised international body for Aerobic Gymnastics by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), Sportaccord and the International World Games Association (IWGA) - included and developed this sports discipline in its General Gymnastics activities since the latter half of the 1980’s.
In 1994, the FIG Congress decided to organize World Championships and began to structure Aerobic Gymnastics in a similar way to its other competitive sports disciplines to be one day an Olympic discipline.
The first Official World Championships were held 1995 in Paris, featuring 34 participating federations.
In 1997, the IWGA (International World Games Association) included Aerobic Gymnastics in the programme of the 5th World Games in Lahti, Finland. Aerobic Step and Aerobic Dance, introduced for the first time in Shenzhen in 2011 at the Universiade. In 2011, the discipline is part of the Universiades programme in Shenzhen (CHN). In 2013, the discipline is part of the Gymnasiades programme in Brasilia (BRA) with the Age Group 2.
It is difficult to determine the number of people practising Aerobic Gymnastics the world over, but in Brazil alone, half a million people participates. 74 nations of the 135 member federations of the FIG have affiliated Aerobic Gymnastics to their overall programme.
Aerobic has not only been a great form of physical training for the general public since the end of the 1980’s, but also a top-level competitive sport.
Aerobic Gymnastics presents dynamic moves, strength, flexibility, co-ordination and musicality in a routine, lasting up to 1 minute 30 seconds.
The different categories are:
• Men's Individuals
• Women's Individuals
• Mixed Pairs
• Groups (5 gymnasts)
• Aerobic Step (8 gymnasts)
• Aerobic Dance (8 gymnasts)
The routine is performed on a dynamic floor of 10 x 10 m floor.
Aerobic Gymnastics is the ability to perform continuous complex and high intensity movement patterns to music, which originate from traditional aerobic exercises: the routine must demonstrate continuous movement, flexibility, strength and the utilisation of the seven Aerobic basic steps, with perfectly executed all the movements including the difficulty elements.
The winning routine must show clean and balanced movements with perfect technique. The routine must include 10 elements among the 4 groups of elements Dynamic Strength, Static Strength, Jumps and Flexibility / Balance.
The choreography must demonstrate combinations of movement patterns with arms and legs, including the seven basic aerobic steps: March, Jog, Skip, Knee Lift, Kick, Jumping Jack and Lunge.
Updated January 2014